Train Set vs. Test Set#

In machine learning and data analysis, the dataset is typically split into two parts: the training set and the test set. The training set is used to train a model, while the test set is used to evaluate the performance of the model.

The training set contains a portion of the data and is used to fit the parameters of the model. The model uses the training data to learn patterns and relationships in the data, and this information is then used to make predictions. The training set should be large enough to contain enough examples to accurately train the model, but not so large that it becomes unwieldy to work with.

The test set, on the other hand, is used to evaluate the performance of the model. It contains a portion of the data that was not used in the training process, and is used to assess the accuracy of the predictions made by the model. The test set should be representative of the population from which the data was drawn and should reflect the same distribution of classes or labels.

In general, it is important to have a test set that is independent of the training set, as this helps to prevent overfitting, which is when a model performs well on the training data but poorly on new, unseen data. The goal of the test set is to provide an estimate of the model’s performance on real-world data.